Esperanto (originally: Lingvo Internacia) is the most widespread international planned language. The name of the language comes from pseudonym "Doktoro Esperanto", under which the jewish doctor Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof published the foundation for the language in 1887. The Russian version of the first brochure about the language received a censored permission to be published on the 26th of July and to date this day is considered the birthday of Esperanto. Zamenhof aimed and succeeded at creating an easy to learn neutral language, suited for use in international communication. The goal of the language however wasn't to replace the other, national languages, but to work side-by-side with them, as a simple, easy to learn, neutral and consequently just language for transnational communication.

The participants of Somera Esperanto-Studado 2015 in Slovakia (source: Andrzej Sochacki)

Although none of the countries have accepted Esperanto as an official language, Esperanto has nevertheless entered the official education systems of many countries, for example Hungary and China. The language is used by international community counting according to various sources somewhere between a hundred thousand and two millions of speaker (depending on the language proficiency); according to diverse sources there are somewhere in the neighbourhood of one or two thousand native speakers.

A parade during the 101st 'Universala Kongreso' in Nitra, Slovakia (fonto: Jozef Baláž)

Esperanto has received several international recognitions, for example two resolutions of Unesko or the support of well-known people of the public life. Nowadays it is used for travelling, correspondence, understanding one another during international meet-ups and intercultural exchanges, congresses, science discussions, original and translated literature, music, theatre, cinema, printed and internet reports, radio and television broadcasts.

La Perdita Generacio, Swedish band, who sing in Esperanto (source: Andrzej Sochacki)

The vocabulary of Esperanto derives mainly from western-european languages, while it's syntax and morphology also show the influence of slavic languages. The morpheus does not change and one can combine them almost limitlessly, creating words of various meanings, Esperanto hence shares many similarities with analysis languages, to which for example Chinese belongs; on the other hand the internal structure of Esperanto reflects agglutinative languages, such as the Japanese, Swahilian or Turkish.

Several books in Esperanto: translated and original literature, dictionaries...

Esperanto is, compared to national languages, much easier and faster to learn, giving it a huge advantage. According to various ventures, it was shown that the language is between five to ten times easier to learn than national languages. It is possible to attain a solid conversational level within three to six months. Easily attained even by self-study (which is usually really hard and even impossible for most other languages). The language is learnt by many of diverse origin, there are clubs, groups, associations of esperantists in over 120 countries.

Links to get to know the language

Links for learning Esperanto